Not surprisingly, many patients undergoing care for chronic kidney disease often experience an emotional toll along with their physical symptoms. The emotional health of patients is often overlooked by their care teams, though they are either unaware patients are experiencing these issues or are focused entirely on maintaining patients’ physical health.
Researchers found that, in order to improve patient care and provide more patient-centered care, dialysis and medical staff should better understand the source of patients’ negative emotions and how they can combat them.
Emotions associated with kidney care: 3 themes
Three themes emerged among patients with chronic kidney disease. They were:
- Feelings of mistrust, alienation, abandonment and isolation from providers who displayed little concern for the patient’s experience of illness.
- Feelings of mistrust, alienation, abandonment and isolation from healthcare institutions or teams who improperly organized care, or “dropped the ball” during the course of care.
- Feelings of personal responsibility for their own illness, and struggling to make sense of their illness experience.
Many patients reported that their providers may have even been oblivious to their emotions. In other cases, patients reported mistrust in their providers as their disease progressed, making them question whether the care they received earlier in the disease was sufficient or correct.
“One man reflected on how little his provider had told him about preventing progression of kidney disease despite the dramatic implications this had for him: “Try to keep my BP down and try and stay away from … sodium and salt and sugar. And that’s about all he said, really.” Another patient spoke of how one doctor had failed to inform him about his worsening kidney function,” the study authors wrote.
Another man relayed how, during the course of his disease, his physician retired and he was left in the care of a series of nurse practitioners who “dropped the ball” during his care. A woman who was being evaluated for a kidney transplant described being reduced to tears after having a scan cancelled by a radiologist over concerns about contrast nephropathy. This was despite the fact she had already discussed these concerns with her nephrologist and wanted to proceed with the study.
When it came to meaning-making for their illness, many patients wanted to know who was responsible for their disease and felt primarily responsible for their conditions, citing maybe it was “something they had or had not done.”
How to improve patient care
When a patient feels at ease and understood during his or her dialysis treatments, they’re more likely to continue the course of treatment.
Researchers suggest the first step could be improving education and health literacy among patients with CKD. To help improve patient education, ask if they have any questions about their care or condition during their appointment. You could offer handouts to help educate them on the importance of access monitoring and other health tips.
In addition, finding ways to improve communication in fragmented healthcare systems, improving teamwork among providers and attempting to be mindful of the patient’s perspective can all help improve patient care and their sense of wellbeing, researchers noted.